The Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS) is a 47-item, youth self-report questionnaire with subscales including: separation anxiety disorder, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, and low mood (major depressive disorder).
It also yields a Total Anxiety Scale (sum of the 5 anxiety subscales) and a Total Internalizing Scale (sum of all 6 subscales). Additionally, The Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale – Parent Version (RCADS-P) similarly assesses parent report of youth’s symptoms of anxiety and depression across the same six subscales.
The RCADS can be completed by young people aged from 8 to 18 years and the RCADS-P can also be completed by the parent or carer of young people aged across the same age groups.
- Separation anxiety disorder (Child Self-Reported)
- Separation anxiety disorder (Parent Reported)
- Social phobia (Child Self-Reported)
- Social phobia (Parent Reported)
- Generalised anxiety (Child Self-Reported)
- Generalised anxiety (Parent Reported)
- Panic disorder (Child Self-Reported)
- Panic disorder (Parent Reported)
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (Child Self-Reported)
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (Parent Reported)
- Low mood (major depressive disorder; Child Self-Reported)
- Low mood (major depressive disorder; Parent Reported)
The RCADS and the RCADS-P can be scored using spreadsheets or syntax available from the developer (link: https://www.childfirst.ucla.edu/resources/). The young person’s equivalent US School Grade must be entered, which is grade one below the UK school year. A “t-score” is calculated on these spreadsheets/syntax from a raw score (total score of the scale or subscale). The measures can also be scored manually following the instructions on the Scoring Aids for the RCADS and RCADS-P.
The ‘clinical thresholds’ for the overall score were established using the anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV, child and parent versions (ADIS-IV-C/P; Silverman & Albano, 1996) as a comparison (Chorpita et al., 2005). The thresholds for sub-scales are set using normative data.
A t-score of 65 means that the score is roughly in the top 7% of scores of un-referred young people of the same age (described as borderline clinical by the developer) and a score of 70 means that the score is roughly in the top 2% of scores of un-referred young people of the same age (described as the clinical threshold by the developer).