Caring for Kids after Trauma, Disaster and Death: A guide for parents & professionals

The guide provides educational and practical guidance to help schools, parents and others who care for children understand and respond to children’s reactions to traumatic events.

The guide is organised in sections to enable users to easily access the information most relevant to their needs. The sections examine a range of issues including information on children’s reactions at different stages of development, followed by practical, hands-on advice to parents and school staff. Building on the strengths of children, thereby enhancing their resilience, is emphasised. Also included are specific strategies for when and how to get help for mental health problems, preparedness for natural disasters, talking to children about terrorism, war and media issues and specific techniques to help families access community resources. Each section provides information based on principles of child and family psychology, results of previous experiences and research studies.

Click here to view/download

CONTENTS:

SECTION I: REACTIONS TO DISASTER AND TRAUMA

CHAPTER 1: CHILDREN’S REACTIONS TO DISASTERS AND TRAUMA
Introduction
Traumatic stress reactions in children
Age guide to children’s reactions
A note on trauma and bereavement

CHAPTER 2: IDENTIFYING CHILDREN AT RISK
Risk factors related to traumatic events
Natural disasters: Risk factors for children

SECTION II: GUIDELINES FOR HELPING CHILDREN AFFECTED BY DISASTERS AND TRAUMA

CHAPTER 3: GUIDELINES FOR SCHOOLS
Essential first steps for administrators
Essential first steps for teachers and school mental health professionals
Ongoing tasks for school professionals
A note on natural disasters

CHAPTER 4: GUIDELINES FOR FAMILIES

Tips for parents to help their children
Tips for parents to help themselves
Guidelines for friends and family
Helping children with special needs
Stress reduction techniques for adults and children
A note on trauma and bereavement
A note on natural disasters

CHAPTER 5: HELPING CHILDREN COPE BEFORE AND AFTER NATURAL DISASTERS
Preparedness prior to a natural disaster
Importance of preparedness
Tips for preparing for a natural disaster
Tips for helping children cope when exposed to natural disasters
A note on trauma and bereavement

CHAPTER 6: MEDIA EXPOSURE AND TRAUMATIC EVENTS: HOW MUCH MEDIA COVERAGE IS TOO MUCH?
Age guide to children’s reactions to news about war, terrorism and natural disasters
Identifying at-risk behaviors specifically related to terrorism and war
Tips for media exposure

CHAPTER 7: ADDRESSING TOUGH TOPICS AND QUESTIONS: TALKING TO YOUR CHILDREN ABOUT TRAUMATIC EVENTS
Tips for talking to your children about terrorist attacks, war or natural disaster

CHAPTER 8: TERRORISM AND WAR: PREVENTING ANGER FROM FOSTERING BIAS AND HATE
Tips for helping children deal with crisis without fostering bias or hate

SECTION III: RESILIENCE IN CHILDREN AFFECTED BY TRAUMA AND DISASTERS

CHAPTER 9: FOSTERING RESILIENCE
Identifying children at risk
What is resilience?
Considerations for parents and professionals
Tips for helping children cope and fostering resilience

SECTION IV: BEREAVEMENT REACTIONS AND GUIDELINES TO HELPING CHILDREN COPE

CHAPTER 10: CHILDREN AND BEREAVEMENT: REACTIONS TO THE LOSS OF A LOVED ONE
Primary and secondary losses
Bereavement coping tasks
Factors affecting a child’s adjustment to death
Common childhood reactions to the death of a loved one (all ages)
Age guide for how children understand and think about death

CHAPTER 11: HELPING BEREAVED CHILDREN COPE
Promoting healthy coping for children after trauma
Age guide to talking to and caring for bereaved children

CHAPTER 12: ANNIVERSARIES, MEMORIALS AND SPECIAL OCCASIONS
Tips for anniversary preparation
Considerations for teachers and school professionals
Considerations for school administrators and leaders
Considerations for parents and family members
Coping with holidays and special occasions
About memorials and funerals
Deciding to attend a community vigil
The meaning of ceremonies
Illness, injury and hospital visits

SECTION V: WHEN AND HOW TO GET HELP

CHAPTER 13: RECOGNIZING WHEN CHILDREN NEED HELP
When to seek professional help
Mental health problems of concer
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in children
Common questions and answers
How is PTSD treated?
Anxiety disorders in children
Common questions and answers
How are anxiety disorders treated?
Depression in children
Common questions and answers
How is depression treated?

CHAPTER 14: GETTING HELP
Types of mental health professionals
Types of treatments and interventions
Common questions and answers

SECTION VI: PRACTICAL GUIDE FOR PARENTS AND PROFESSIONALS

CHAPTER 15: PROVIDING FOR YOUR FAMILY AFTER TRAUMA OR DEATH
Advocating for yourself and your family:
Obtaining necessary resources
Locating vital documents in order to secure your future
Tips for bereaved parents and spouses

CHAPTER 16: RESOURCES FOR PARENTS AND PROFESSIONALS
Organizations and agencies
Suggested reading and additional resources

Click here to view/download